Understanding PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome): Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options

by Rashmi Parkhya on Jul 31, 2023

Understanding PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome): Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that affects up to 10% of reproductive age women worldwide, and its symptoms can be quite distressing. Women with PCOS may experience irregular periods, weight gain, excess hair growth, and acne, among other symptoms.

Fortunately, there are several treatment options available to manage the symptoms of PCOS, including lifestyle changes, medication, and surgery.

In this blog post, we will provide an overview of PCOS, including its symptoms and causes to help women understand this condition better and manage it effectively. We will also discuss various treatment options that are available to manage the symptoms of PCOS, as well as lifestyle changes that may help alleviate its impact on daily life.

What is PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) in women

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that occurs when a woman's body produces higher-than-normal levels of androgens (male hormones) such as testosterone. This hormonal imbalance can cause a range of symptoms, including irregular periods, excess hair growth (hirsutism), acne, and weight gain.

PCOS can cause infertility and other long-term health problems if left untreated, but with proper diagnosis and treatment, many women with PCOS can manage their symptoms and live healthy, fulfilling lives.

Symptoms of PCOS

The symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) can vary widely from woman to woman, and not all women with PCOS have the same symptoms. Some of the common symptoms of PCOS include:

• Irregular periods or no periods
• Excess hair growth on the face, chin, chest, and back
• Acne
• Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
• Infertility or difficulty getting pregnant
• Fatigue
• Mood changes, such as anxiety and depression
• Pelvic pain
• Ovarian cysts detected on ultrasound

In addition to these common symptoms, some women with PCOS may experience atypical symptoms.

Some of these atypical symptoms may include:

• Thinning hair or hair loss on the scalp
• Dark patches of skin on the neck, armpits, or other areas of the body
• Sleep apnea or other sleep disturbances
• High blood pressure
• High cholesterol
• Insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes
• Chronic inflammation
• Migraine

Causes of PCOS

Exact causes of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is not fully understood, but it is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic, hormonal, and lifestyle factors.

Here is a breakdown of the main causes of PCOS:

1) Genetics:

PCOS appears to have a genetic component, as it tends to run in families. Women with a mother, sister, or aunt with PCOS are more likely to develop the condition themselves.

2) Hormonal Imbalances:

Hormonal imbalances are also believed to contribute to PCOS. Women with PCOS have higher than normal levels of androgens, which are male hormones that are also produced in women. These high levels of androgens can cause symptoms such as excess hair growth, acne, and irregular periods. Additionally, women with PCOS often have insulin resistance, which can lead to high levels of insulin in the body. These high insulin levels can also contribute to the development of PCOS.

3) Lifestyle Factors:

Lifestyle factors such as diet, exercise, and stress can also play a role in the development of PCOS. Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle can contribute to insulin resistance and hormonal imbalances, which can worsen PCOS symptoms. Stress can also increase the production of androgens in the body, exacerbating PCOS symptoms.

Treatment Options for PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal imbalance in women that can cause irregular periods, excessive hair growth, weight gain, and difficulty getting pregnant. There are several treatment options available to help manage the symptoms and improve overall health.

Here are the common treatment options for PCOS:

1) Lifestyle Changes:

Adopting healthy lifestyle habits can be an effective way to manage PCOS symptoms. This includes eating a healthy diet, engaging in regular exercise, and getting enough sleep. Losing weight if overweight or obese can also help to improve symptoms, as excess body fat can contribute to insulin resistance and hormone imbalances.

2) Medications:

Various medications can be used to treat PCOS symptoms, such as:

• Birth control pills: These can help regulate periods, reduce acne, and decrease excessive hair growth.
• Metformin: A medication commonly used to treat type 2 diabetes, metformin can also help regulate periods, improve insulin resistance, and reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in women with PCOS.
• Clomiphene: A fertility medication that can help induce ovulation in women with PCOS who are trying to conceive.
• Anti-androgens: Medications that block the effects of androgen hormones, such as spironolactone, can help reduce acne and excessive hair growth.

3) Alternative therapies:

Some women with PCOS may find relief from their symptoms with alternative therapies, such as:

• Acupuncture: This ancient Chinese therapy involves inserting thin needles into specific points on the body to improve energy flow and reduce stress.
• Herbal supplements: Certain herbs, such as saw palmetto and licorice root, have been shown to have anti-androgen effects and may help reduce excessive hair growth and acne.
• Mind-body therapies: Techniques such as yoga, meditation, and mindfulness can help reduce stress and improve overall well-being in women with PCOS.

Tips for the Management of PCOS

1)Get Natasha’s Harmony, one of the best supplements for PCOS symptoms

Natasha's Harmony is a dietary supplement designed to support women with PCOS in managing PCOS symptoms. The all-natural formula contains simple ingredients carefully crafted to provide relieve from feminine health imbalances.

The supplement aims to help with weight management, hormonal balance, blood sugar support, hirsutism or unwanted facial and body hair, and appetite control. By addressing these issues, women with PCOS can feel more confident and in control of their bodies.

Natasha's Harmony provides a safe and effective alternative to traditional medications, using natural ingredients to help improve overall health and well-being. With regular use, women can experience relief from their symptoms and enjoy a healthier life.

2) Manage stress

Stress can worsen PCOS symptoms, so it's important to find ways to manage stress in your life. Try practicing relaxation techniques like meditation, yoga, or deep breathing exercises.

3) Stay active

Regular exercise can help manage PCOS symptoms, including weight gain and insulin resistance. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.

4) Get enough sleep

Getting enough sleep is important for managing PCOS symptoms. Aim for 7-8 hours of sleep each night.

5) Follow a proper PCOS diet plan

There are some general guidelines that may help manage PCOS symptoms. Here's a sample PCOS diet plan:

• Focus on whole foods: Eat a diet rich in whole foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein sources like poultry, fish, and legumes. These foods are high in fiber and can help regulate insulin levels.

• Avoid processed foods: Processed foods are typically high in refined carbohydrates, added sugars, and unhealthy fats. These foods can cause blood sugar spikes and worsen insulin resistance, which can exacerbate PCOS symptoms.

• Include healthy fats: Healthy fats found in nuts, seeds, avocados, and fatty fish can help reduce inflammation and improve insulin sensitivity. Limit unhealthy fats found in fried foods, processed snacks, and high-fat meats.

• Choose low glycemic index (GI) foods: Low GI foods are digested slowly, which can help regulate blood sugar levels. Examples include whole grains, non-starchy vegetables, and most fruits.

• Limit or avoid sugar and refined carbohydrates: These foods can cause blood sugar spikes and worsen insulin resistance. Try to limit sugary drinks, sweets, and refined grains like white bread and pasta.

• Consider a low-carbohydrate diet: Some women with PCOS may benefit from a low-carbohydrate diet, which has been shown to improve insulin resistance and weight loss.

• Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water and avoid sugary drinks, which can cause blood sugar spikes.


PCOS is a complex hormonal disorder that affects many women and can cause a wide range of symptoms, including weight gain, acne, excess hair growth, and infertility. It can interfere with a woman's menstrual periods and make it more challenging to conceive. High amounts of male hormones can also cause undesirable symptoms, such as unwanted body and facial hair growth.

It's important for women with PCOS to work closely with their healthcare provider to develop a personalized treatment plan that works best for their individual needs.

With proper management and care, women with PCOS can lead healthy fulfilled life.